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Excogitate Podcast Group

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D.O.D - All Mine

Recent U.S. military operations have shown that land mines continue to pose a significant threat to U.S. forces. U.S. land mine detection capabilities are limited and largely unchanged since the Second World War. Improving the Department of Defense's (DOD) land mine detection capability is a technological challenge This report reviews DOD's strategy for identifying the most promising land mine detection technologies. GAO found that DOD's ability to substantially improve its land mine detection capabilities may be limited because DOD lacks an effective strategy for identifying and evaluating the most promising technologies. Although DOD maintains an extensive program of outreach to external researchers and other nations' military research organizations, it does not use an effective methodology to evaluate all technological options to guide its investment decisions. DOD is investing in several technologies to overcome the mine detection problem, but it is not clear that DOD has chosen the most promising technologies. Because DOD has not systematically assessed potential land mine detection technologies against mission needs, GAO did its own assessment. GAO found that the technologies DOD is exploring are limited in their ability to meet mission needs or are greatly uncertain in their potential. GAO identified other technologies that might address DOD's needs, but they are in immature states of development and it is unclear whether they are more promising than the approaches that DOD is exploring.

D.O.D - All Mine

Mine Countermeasures involve any activity used to prevent or reduce the danger to submarines and surface ships from mines. Methods for minimizing the threat of mines can be divided into two basic schools; passive and active countermeasures. Passive countermeasures involves reducing a ship's acoustic and magnetic signature to prevent mines from detecting it. The avoidance of known mines is another method of mine countermeasures. Active Countermeasures involve minehunting and minesweeping. Minehunting is classified as the systematic detection and elimination of mines one at a time. Minesweeping is the clearing of a pre-defined area, eliminating whatever mines may be deployed there. MinehuntingMinehunting is accomplished by towed minehunting sonar arrays and magnetometers. The minesweeping vessel moves across the water with its sonar active until it finds a mine or determines the area is safe. Modern sonar equipment can not only locate mines, but determine their type as well. Final classification of a mine is usually accomplished by a diver or remotely operated vehicle. Once a mine is located, it is neutralized by placing explosives on or near the mine, which has the effect of crippling the mine's detonation electronics or flooding the mine with water, effectively destroying it. MinesweepingMinesweeping can be performed by ships or aircraft. There are several types of minesweeping.Mechanical Sweeps are designed to sever the cables of moored mines. In this case, a sweep wire is towed by the minesweeper with the objective of snagging the tether cables of mines and then severing these cables through abrasive action or with explosive cutters located along the sweep wire. Severed mines float to the surface and may be dispatched by gunfire or EOD team. Bottom mines may be dragged away from a minefield using nets, although this method is seldom used.Influence Sweeps involve simulating the passage of a ship in order to "fool" the mines into detonating. In this case, a magnetic or acoustic sweep system is towed by a ship or aircraft. Mines that detect the simulated ship detonate themselves. A magnetic sweep utilizes a magnetic field to simulate the field created by a passing ship. A magnetic field can be produced via an electrical current passing between two non-insulated cables. This resulting field will induce magnetic mines to detonate. An acoustic sweep is accomplished by simulating the sounds created by a target ship. Various noise makers utilizing compressed air, explosives, hammers or propellers are towed near acoustic mines to detonate them.Pressure Minesweeping involves sending a large object such as a barge or derelict ship into a minefield to purposely strike mines. This method is not currently practiced. Combinations of different methods of countermeasures is called a combination sweep. A common combination is a magnetic/acoustic sweep, which simulates the sound and magnetic field of a passing ship.Sources and ResourcesAdapted from Mine Neutralization USS GUARDIAN (MCM-5)

In some cases, a specific community may have its own operational vocabulary. This local operational vocabulary may use the same terms in radically different ways from other operational communities. (For example, the use of the term track refers to very different concepts in the carrier battle group community than in the mine-sweeper community. Yet both of these communities are Navy operational groups and may participate together in littoral warfare task forces.) In these cases, the internal community versions of the models and views within the Architectural Description should use the vocabulary of the local operational community to achieve community cooperation and buy-in. Data elements need to be uniquely identified and consistently used across all viewpoints, models and views within the Architectural Description. These populated views should include notes on any unique definitions used and provide a mapping to standard definitions, where possible.

HFP/IDP is payable at the monthly rate of $225.00. Service memberswill receive $7.50 for each day they are on duty in an IDP area up tothe maximum monthly rate of $225. Members who are exposed to a hostilefire or hostile mine explosion event are eligible to receivenon-prorated Hostile Fire Pay (HFP) in the full monthly amount of $225. Members cannot receive both IDP and HFP in the same month.

The Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act is a compensation program that provides a lump-sum payment of $150,000 and prospective medical benefits to employees (or certain of their survivors) of the Department of Energy and its contractors and subcontractors as a result of cancer caused by exposure to radiation, or certain illnesses caused by exposure to beryllium or silica incurred in the performance of duty, as well as for payment of a lump-sum of $50,000 and prospective medical benefits to individuals (or certain of their survivors) determined by the Department of Justice to be eligible for compensation as uranium workers under section 5 of the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act.

The Black Lung Benefits Act provides monthly cash payments and medical benefits to coal miners totally disabled from pneumoconiosis ("black lung disease") arising from their employment in the nation's coal mines. The statute also provides monthly benefits to a deceased miner's survivors if the miner's death was due to black lung disease.

The Mine Act holds mine operators responsible for the safety and health of miners; provides for the setting of mandatory safety and health standards, mandates miners' training requirements; prescribes penalties for violations; and enables inspectors to close dangerous mines. The safety and health standards address numerous hazards including roof falls, flammable and explosive gases, fire, electricity, equipment rollovers and maintenance, airborne contaminants, noise, and respirable dust. MSHA enforces safety and health requirements at arround 13,000 mines, investigates mine accidents, and offers mine operators training, technical assistance and compliance assistance.

The elaws Poster Advisor can be used to determine which poster(s) employers are required to display at their place(s) of business. Posters, available in English and other languages, may be downloaded and printed directly from the Advisor. If you already know which poster(s) you are required to display, see below to download and print the appropriate poster(s) free of charge.

Knifefish is a medium-class Mine Countermeasure (MCM) Unmanned Undersea Vehicle (UUV) designed for deployment off the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS). The Knifefish UUV provides the mine warfare commander with enhanced mine-hunting capability by detecting, classifying and identifying both buried mines and mines in high clutter environments.

A critical element of the LCS Mine Countermeasure (MCM) mission package, which is comprised of many different mine warfare platforms, including Knifefish, is its common open systems architecture design. Such modularity of the mission package allows for platform flexibility and quick reconfiguration of the whole mission package in response to evolving and dynamic mission requirements the fleet will encounter day-to-day.

The dates of coverage are from January 1, 1942, through December 31, 1971. The Act requires the employee to have worked in a covered uranium mine for at least one year, or have been exposed to 40 or more working level months of radiation while employed in a uranium mine, during this covered period. Alternatively, an employee may have worked in a covered uranium mill, or in the transport of uranium or vanadium-uranium ore from a mine or mill, for at least one year during the covered period. To be eligible for compensation, a claimant must establish both uranium industry employment that meets these statutory requirements and a subsequent diagnosis of a specified compensable disease.

The MaxxPro MRAP is built to withstand ballistic arms fire, mine blasts, IEDs, and other emerging threats. Its V-shaped hull helps deflect blasts out and away from the crew and its armoring can be customized to meet any mission requirement.

Zimbabwe: Reaching SustainmentThe HMA Sub-Group concurred that it may formally recognize and declare the Humanitarian Mine Action program in Zimbabwe to be in sustainment. This recommendation was the result of conclusions from several Program Review Visits by PM/HDP to Zimbabwe over the past year, most recently in November 2001. Sustainment, which is the primary objective of U.S. Government (USG) mine action programs, is defined as the point at which a host nation has the technological and managerial capability to coordinate, manage, and execute its national mine action program, relying on international community funding for limited logistical support and refresher training as needed. USG support to Zimbabwe may continue in the future, but at levels commensurate of future assessed need. 041b061a72


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